How Constipation Contributes to Pelvic Pain: What to Know


Constipation and pelvic pain are common problems that many people experience. But did you know that these two issues can be related? Understanding how constipation can cause pelvic pain is important because it can help you find the right solutions and feel better faster.

In this article, we will explain what constipation and pelvic pain are, how they are connected, and what you can do to treat and prevent these problems. By learning more about this topic, you can take steps to improve your health and avoid discomfort in the future. Let’s get started!

What is Constipation?

Constipation happens when you have trouble passing stool or don’t go to the bathroom as often as you should. Normally, people should have a bowel movement anywhere from three times a day to three times a week. If you go less often than this or if it’s hard to pass stool, you might be constipated.

Common Causes of Constipation:

  • Not Enough Fiber: Eating a diet low in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can lead to constipation.
  • Lack of Exercise: Regular physical activity helps keep your digestive system moving.
  • Not Drinking Enough Water: Staying hydrated is important for soft stool and easy bowel movements.
  • Ignoring the Urge to Go: Ignoring the urge to have a bowel movement can make constipation worse.
  • Certain Medications: Some medicines, like painkillers and antidepressants, can cause constipation.

Symptoms of Constipation:

  • Infrequent bowel movements
  • Hard or lumpy stool
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Feeling like you can’t completely empty your bowels

Understanding Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain is any pain you feel in the lower part of your abdomen, between your belly button and your hips. This pain can be sharp or dull, and it can come and go or be constant.

Types of Pelvic Pain:

  • Acute Pelvic Pain: This type of pain comes on suddenly and may last for a short time. It often needs quick medical attention.
  • Chronic Pelvic Pain: This pain lasts for six months or longer and can be constant or come and go. It often needs long-term management.

Common Causes of Pelvic Pain:

  • Infections, like urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Reproductive issues, like menstrual cramps or endometriosis
  • Digestive problems like constipation or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

How Constipation Contributes to Pelvic Pain

Constipation can cause pelvic pain in several ways. When you are constipated, stool builds up in your intestines and can put pressure on your pelvic organs. This pressure can cause pain and discomfort in the lower abdomen and pelvis.

Ways Constipation Causes Pelvic Pain:

  • Straining During Bowel Movements: Straining to pass hard stool can cause pain in your pelvic area.
  • Bloating and Gas: Constipation often leads to gas and bloating, which can make your pelvic pain worse.
  • Increased Pressure: The build-up of stool in your intestines can push against your pelvic organs, causing pain.

Understanding these connections can help you identify the cause of your pelvic pain and seek the right treatment.

Symptoms to Watch For

If you have constipation-related pelvic pain, you might notice several symptoms. It’s important to pay attention to these signs so you can discuss them with your doctor or a pelvic floor therapist, such as those from Vitality Therapy and Performance.

Key Symptoms:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis
  • Feeling bloated or gassy
  • Hard, dry stool
  • Straining to have a bowel movement
  • Feeling like you haven’t completely emptied your bowels

Diagnosis and Medical Evaluation

If you think constipation is causing your pelvic pain, it’s important to see a doctor. They can help you figure out what’s going on and suggest the best treatment. Here’s what might happen during a medical evaluation:

What to Expect:

  • Medical History: The doctor will ask about your symptoms, diet, and any medications you’re taking.
  • Physical Exam: A physical exam can help the doctor check for any obvious issues.
  • Tests: Sometimes, you might need tests like blood tests, X-rays, or colonoscopies to get a clear picture of what’s causing your symptoms.

Treatment Options

Treating constipation and pelvic pain often involves making some lifestyle changes. Here are some common treatments that can help:

Lifestyle Changes:

  • Diet: Eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to increase your fiber intake.
  • Hydration: Drink plenty of water to help keep your stool soft.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity can help keep your digestive system moving.

Over-the-Counter Remedies:

  • Fiber Supplements: These can help add bulk to your stool.
  • Stool Softeners: These make it easier to pass stool.
  • Laxatives: These can help move stool through your intestines.

Medical Treatments:

  • Prescription Medications: Sometimes, doctors prescribe medications to help with constipation.
  • Biofeedback Therapy: This therapy can help train your muscles to have better bowel movements.
  • Surgery: In rare cases, surgery might be needed to fix any underlying issues.

Alternative Therapies:

  • Acupuncture: This ancient practice can help some people with pain relief.
  • Herbal Remedies: Some herbs can help with digestion and bowel movements.

Prevention Tips

Preventing constipation and pelvic pain is often easier than treating it. Here are some tips to help you stay healthy:

Dietary Recommendations:

  • Eat a high-fiber diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day.

Regular Physical Activity:

  • Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week.

Healthy Bowel Habits:

  • Go to the bathroom when you feel the urge, don’t wait.
  • Try to set a regular time each day for bowel movements, like after breakfast.


Understanding how constipation can cause pelvic pain is important for managing these issues. By making some lifestyle changes and seeking the right treatment, you can reduce your symptoms and improve your overall health. If you experience these symptoms, don’t hesitate to talk to your doctor. Taking care of your digestive health can lead to a happier, pain-free life.


What are you looking for?